Borne - plus, test your vocabulary


Published by M-W's Word of the Day on May 14th, 2019 6:09am.



Merriam-Webster since 1828

 
 
Merriam-Webster  
 
WORD OF THE DAY
May 14, 2019
 
 
 
 
 

borne Audio pronunciation

 
adjective | BORN  
 
Definition
 
:
transported or transmitted by — used in combination
 
Scroll down for more about borne
 
 
 
 
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Did You Know?
 
Borne is, just like born, the past participle of the verb bear, which can mean (among other things) "to contain" or "to give birth to." At first, borne and born were variant spellings of the same adjective. Used as in water-borne (or water-born), it means "carried by." In the phrase "borne enemies" (or "born enemies"), it means "from birth." To add to the confusion, the spelling borne sees occasional use in the passive voice in the "to give birth to" sense, as in "two sons were borne by his wife." In combining forms, born is reserved for the adjective related to birth (as in newly-born and Massachusetts-born) and borne retains the sense of "carried" ("airborne passengers").
 
 
Examples of BORNE
 
"By 2050, half the world's population could be at risk of mosquito-borne diseases like dengue fever or the Zika virus, new research suggests."
Chelsea Harvey, Scientific American, 7 Mar. 2019
 
"Tacoma had a population of 36,006 by 1890, a boom of 3,179.2 percent in just 10 years. But not to be outdone, Seattle had formed its own rail service, the Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad, to feed off the profitable railroad-borne commerce."
Steve Dunkelberger, SouthSoundTalk.com (Pierce County, Washington), 28 Aug. 2018
 
Test Your Vocabulary
 
Fill in the blanks to complete an adjective that describes something that has been transported to or that is not formed in the place where it now occurs: he _ _ ro _ h _ h _ n _ us.
 
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